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Your rights when a United flight is delayed or cancelled

by on Wed January 4, 2017 • 34 Comments


Delayed flights are incredibly frustrating, leaving you at the mercy of the airline when they strike. If you haven’t suffered through a bunch of them, you probably don’t know the full extent of what airlines like United will and won’t do when they strike.

Airlines rely on a ‘contract of carriage’ to define the bare minimum of what they will do in the case of a delay. In United’s case, the bare minimum is getting you on the next available United flight in your cabin of service if your flight is cancelled or you misconnect.

Basic flight delays aren’t covered by the contract, but United does have some policies that aren’t well publicized that might help you out.

Some of them are outlined in this briefing for travel agents, and we’ve interpreted them here to give you a sense of what you can expect from United, but beware these are policies that can change anytime. Armed with this knowledge, you can better negotiate a good outcome that gets you going faster, while other passengers are throwing fits at the counter.

If your expected arrival is delayed 1 – 2 hours…

You can change to the next available United flight. They’ll put you in any seat available in your original cabin, but if you’re in coach and only first class seats are available on the next flight, you won’t be able to get on that flight. Instead you can standby free of charge in case someone misses the flight.

Note: Your arrival time is what matters. For example if your departure time is 1 hour late, but the flight is still expected to arrive just 30 minutes late, you won’t be eligible for delay help.

If you’re stuck with a delay of 2 hours or more…

You can request airports within 500 miles of your original. For example, if you’re trying to get to Los Angeles, you can request airports within driving distance like San Diego and Las Vegas, but you’re on the hook for getting from the new airport to where you want to go. This allowance can open up options when you’re in dire straits, and agents don’t always look proactively at these options.

You can change your date up to 7 days later. If you just want to rest for a while and try again, you can rebook up to 7 days later without additional fares.

You can request airlines other than United. If no United flights are available in a reasonable timeframe (within 2 hours or so) they’ll first consider options on Star Alliance partners like Air Canada or Lufthansa, and then as a last resort may consider options on other carriers like Delta or American, but only if United or Star Alliance options aren’t available.

BEWARE THAT OTHER AIRLINES ARE ENTIRELY AT UNITED’S DISCRETION. So be polite when asking about these options, and they might not be able to book everything you see on other airlines. Sometimes other airlines won’t release the seats, and other times there might not be an agreement in place, or enough time to reach the other airline’s terminal. United will always put you on its own flights first if they are available.

You can get a refund and / or be sent back home. You can decide you want to give up, and get a full refund. If you’re in a connecting airport, United will fly you back to your starting airport for no additional charge.

What can you do to help?

Check the United app. If your flight is cancelled, you’ll often see options to rebook directly on the United app. The United app and site are free to use on inflight Wifi, so you can take care of some things before you even land.

Do your own research. If you don’t see a rebooking option on the United app, pull up on your phone and search for flights that you can suggest to a phone or airport agent. If you a seat for sale on and it’s in your cabin, there’s a good chance you can talk your way into getting booked on that flight.

Get on the phone. You might as well get in line on the phone (1-800-UNITED-1) before you get to an agent in the airport, and get help from the one that is ready first. In severe situations, United will activate its ‘Service Recovery Center’ on 1-877-826-0254. You might get through faster on that line than the regular United phone line.

Phone agents can do the same rebookings airport agents can, but they can’t offer up vouchers for meals or hotels.

Be patient. The agents you talk to don’t want your flight to be delayed. Air travel is unpredictable and things happen, but armed with the right information the best you can do is be specific and flexible with your requests. If you don’t get anywhere with a reasonable request, politely say no thanks, and try to seek out someone else – either a different phone agent or another airport representative. Asking to escalate things rarely helps.

Keep checking for better options. If you don’t like what you get at first, like an option two days later, keep checking the United site for flights that are for sale. During bad weather situations, seats are constantly changing hands as people rebook, miss flights, or give up altogether.

And that means if there were no options when your delay first hit, something better can open up an hour later. United isn’t going to check on your behalf once you’re rebooked, so it’s on you to keep looking, and request something new if you find it.

Will United hold a flight?

If you don’t reach the gate before the time that says ‘Boarding Ends’ on your boarding pass (that’s different than the ‘Departure’ time of your flight), United can and will remove you from the flight, even if boarding is still in process and the door is still open. The ‘Boarding Ends’ time is usually 15 minutes before the departure time of domestic flights and at least 30 minutes for international flights.

So it’s unlikely United will hold a flight if it’s not clear your connecting flight has arrived with enough time for you to reach the gate close to the ‘Boarding Ends’ time.

What about hotels and meals?

If your delay is mechanical, or due to something in United’s control, and you’re stuck overnight for four hours or more, you can request a hotel and meal voucher from the gate agent or customer service desk.

But if it’s due to weather, air traffic control, or crew delays caused by weather, you’re out of luck. All United can offer is a discounted rate for an airport hotel.

A good way to protect is to book your flight with a credit card that offers trip delay coverage. For example the Chase Sapphire Preferred will reimburse you up to $500 for delays of 12 hours or more, and the Citi Prestige will do the same for delays of just 3 hours.



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34 thoughts on Your rights when a United flight is delayed or cancelled

  1. Kathleen

    My flight was cancelled due to mechanical problems and the soonest they could get me out was the next day (about 24 hours after original flight time). Can I get reimbursed for the hotel I booked at my destination for the night I missed?

  2. Shahid

    Hello Milecard,

    My connecting flight was delayed because of mehcnical problem from Atlanta, they re-routed me through Air Canada and they never let me board because they never received my checked baggage from the United. I was re-routed again from united via direct Air France to Paris. In Paris, my bag got delayed and I missed my SNCF/Eurostar train due to all these re-routed and bag delay. I had to re- purchase my train or ticket and paid 550 euro. Is it something United can compensate as I missed my train From Paris to London because of their fault?


      @Shahid – That’s a rough one. Probably not much because they’re not liable for transportation once you get to the destination on your ticket. But certainly worth a message to customer relations as concise as what you’ve presented here to see what they might do.

  3. Philip Samuelson

    Our flight was cancelled because the crew could not make it. The rumor was that the crew liked to party and their evening flight was late and they probable went to 6th street in Austin and were not in shape to fly. Anyway, we had a package vacation and had to drive to IAH so as not to miss our flight to ANC. What do I need to do to get a refund for this flight that you could not produce?
    This was flight No. UA6199 on Aug. 06, 2017.

  4. Chantal

    How to keep this short—-my flight was scheduled from MRY to LAX…..LAX-ORD ……ORD-NORF. The first flight got an hour delayed due to problems with plane coming from SFO. Landed in LAX at 10.35 pm instead of 10.00 pm. Then we got stuck in plane for another 45 min due no gates where available. My connecting flight to ORD was scheduled at 10.59 pm. I got out of the plane around 11.20. Got put on a flight to Austin Texas to take me to Newark and from there to Norfolk. Not sure why as this added an extra flight. After arrival in Austin I got rebooked again from Austin to AID. At this moment I was supposed to have left at 12.50 pm……but due to maintenance I’m still at this moment not in Norfolk and still in IAD. I was supposed to arrive in Norfolf at 9.10 am. Now for sure I’m dealing with at least 7 hours delay…..if this plane even departs to Norfolk . What are my rights? Thank You!

  5. Rebecca Langdon

    I need confirmation that I took a flight since my boarding passes were lost in the mail. I need it for my company to get a reimbursement. My flight was also delayed a couple of hours. My flight was on Aug.5th? How do I go about getting this?

  6. Irene

    My connecting flight from Houston to Corpus Christi was delayed for 12 hours on 09/06/17. Before that three of my flights were cancelled. Departure was scheduled for 6 pm. I asked about placing me in a hotel. I was explained that because of hurricane there were no rooms at a hotel in Corpus Christi and the crew had to stay in Houston hotel, etc. Then the supervisor firmly told me that many people had to be put in hotels and they didn’t have any rooms.
    So, I had to stay at the airport for 12 hours or find a solution myself. I found it for my own expense.
    What are my rights? I think that the delay is “or due to something in United’s control”. Am I right?


      @Samantha – He can either get a full refund, or wait for the next United flight options available for rebooking later on.

  7. Montana

    I was scheduled to fly out from MCI on Saturday 9/2 to New Orleans (with a layover in Houston), but my flight has been canceled altogether. Do I have any options for getting to New Orleans either this Friday 9/1 or Saturday 9/2 by an alternate route? I would like to return to Kansas City by Monday 9/4.

  8. Sara

    Hurricane Harvey has resulted in United cancelling all flights through Houston for at least the next three days, until “at least” noon on Thurs 8/31. They are offering “travel waivers” to reschedule the same route. I was scheduled to fly AUS-IAH-MEX on Wed. I need to fly out no later than Thursday, and tickets are available on other carriers. On a non-refundable fare, is there any possibility of either rebooking on an alternate carrier, or at least obtaining flight credit to be used in the next 12 months so I can book myself on the other airline? What should be my strategy when dealing with such massive cancellations?


      @Sara – United is letting you rebook to a different destination for no change fee – so you can use the value of your ticket to fly somewhere else on United up to a year after the ticket was issued. Then you could buy a ticket this week to MEX on another airline.

  9. Charles Ratt

    I’m at SFO and so far my flight to Tucson has been delayed for six hours. The delay was caused by a maintenance problem. Now if I understand this correctly, United is responsible form maintaining their aircraft. Their cavalier attitude isn’t helping and I’ve been nothing but polite. At least I haven’t been beaten up. Yet. It’s too bad that the rules are so one-way. Is there anything that can be done?
    (BTW, I fly often on other airlines and I know that things happen but unlike other carriers, United doesn’t seem to give a damn.)


      @Charles – Sorry to hear about that. They should rebook you on another airline like American if you ask.

  10. Juliet

    I have a flight to from Niagara to chicago and then a United flight from Chicago to phoneix
    The airport staff here at Niagara int airport told us that our first flight is late and because of that we won’t be able to catch our connecting flight to phoneix
    And we have to stay at a hotel and we will get our next flight next morning
    We have checked our bags and paid for them and we will be needing the bags items while our stay

    So except the hotel what all compensation I am entitled too


      @Juliet – If you booked with a United Explorer, Chase Sapphire Preferred, or other card with trip delay coverage you can get $100 per night toward things that are necessary expenses. Otherwise not much – the airlines often won’t even cover the hotel. You should be able to request your bags be offloaded though.

  11. Lacy Looney

    I’m currently stranded in the San Fran airport. I arrived on time at the Eugene airport but was delayed and didn’t meet my connecting flight. It was delayed anyways and now I’m told I won’t fly out until 6 am. Can I get a motel from united? They are claiming weather related. It is not weather related.

  12. Helen Diane Nott

    AUgust 3, I took a United flight with my grandson from SLO to Arcata, with a plane change stop in San Francisco. Our SF to Arcata flight was cancelled due to low fog, no other options seemed to be available. We spent the night, midnight to 7am “sleeping” in the airport to catch the am flight back to SLO. So, we didn’t reach our destination, used miles points and cost $700+ out of pocket for the flight. We made the best out of a miserable and uncomfortable 7 hours in the airport.

    Any chance for reimbursement? This was unfortunately a trip to nowhere.

    Thank you,


      @Helen – Sounds terrible. That sounds like something called ‘trip in vain’ where conditions prevent you from getting to your destination, and the airline sends you back home. The key is did you have United rebook your original ticket back to SLO? Or did you try paying for a new ticket back to SLO?

      These ‘trip in vain’ situations can be eligible for a refund from United, since you couldn’t make it to your destination. Have you contacted them about that?

  13. Mike

    United cancelled my Thursday night flight said ” air traffic control cancelled it due to too many planes in sky, so it was too dangerous to put another one up. Rebooked for same flight Friday night, it was cancelled as well. This time was told air traffic control cancelled flight due to weather. I talked to a travel agent who told me my flights were cancelled because United airlines crew were over their hours and didn’t have crew to man the planes. Ended up renting a car Friday and drove from Newark to buffalo. I looked at the arrivals board in buffalo and there were flights from Newark and new York arriving about the same time my flight should’ve. Do they owe me reimbursement for rental car, fuel, food, tolls, and hotel?


      @Mike – Sounds pretty rough. Usually they won’t for what they call weather or air traffic issues. It’s possible the crew issues were because of other weather or air traffic control delays that stacked. Some credit cards like the United Explorer card can compensate you for hotels if your flight is delayed overnight.

  14. Mary Kreitler

    My flight to Manchester England was delayed by an entire day. What are my options for requesting a credit toward my next flight.


      @Mary – If it was weather related not much you can do, but never hurts to write a brief note to them via the United website.

  15. Praful Porwal

    I have real bad experience with United. I booked flight from Newark, NJ to Delhi India. I was boarded into flight but they announced mechanical failure and ask us to un-board. They could not fix the problem and were unable to provide alternate connection. I have to cancel my trip and I lost lot of money due to my non refundable domestic reservations, prepaid hotel booking etc On the top of which I lost one week of vacation which I wanted to utilize for business . United in unresponsive and I do not know how to get compensation.


      @Praful – Sorry to hear about that. There isn’t much to do after the delay – unfortunate they couldn’t find any options the next day. That’s pretty unusual – and unfortunate that passengers have to really research and propose options on their own. But a brief email to them via the customer service form might yield a travel certificate.

  16. Sara

    My issue spund Avery much like the above poster who had mechanical issues. Disaster. We arrived over 5 hours late. Is there any compensation. They offered _$100 per person. Wondering if we should take that

  17. Kimberly Gail Normandin

    Jeannie…I wouldn’t hold my breath for anything from united…I have been fighting with them since April about 2 cancelled flights and 1 delayed over 4 hours….Due to the cancellations I was not going to be able to get home for 4 days. They really do not care about their customers. I was told by 1 customer service rep that what did I expect them to do I didn’t even use them for my way to my destination. Nice huh?
    that comment was on the heels of the President or vice :President of the company sending out an email to all of the miles club members that he wanted to assure everyone United Airlines desires to take care of their customers better and they will in the future.

  18. tdc

    Our Flight was initially delayed due to a mechanical issue which was announced after we were on the plane. Then we were delayed because they couldn’t find an inspector to sign off on the repair. Then they couldn’t get the “paperwork” as they called it, to the plane. Then the Flight crew left the plane which caused yet another delay as we had to wait for a new crew to arrive. Over 2 hour delay, what can be done? the initial mechanical issue isn’t what the complaint is about, it’s everything after that. They had no clue what to do or how to handle the situation. All the while, the Captain kept telling us “just 5 more minutes” for the entire delay.


      @tdc – It’s a frustrating situation for everyone. You can write in and they’ll probably give you some voucher good for dollars off a future flight. Next time, since it’s mechanical, you could check on the phone or your phone’s browser to see if there are other flights on United or another airline that get you in earlier. When it’s mechanical they’re more wiling to rebook you on the spot. But with a 2 hour delay it’s unlikely something else would have got you there sooner. It’s those 4 hour plus delays where that helps out.

  19. Jeannie

    United canceled my afternoon flight and rebooked me on an evening flight. That one was delayed several times yesterday. Finally we were all told the plane would not fly last night but to return this morning and our flight would leave at 9. At 5:25 am, that flight was canceled and I was rebooked on a flight leaving two hours later. Within minutes I was rebooked on one leaving 8 hours later–30 hours after my original flight. At that point I had no choice but to drive to New York from North Carolina. I believe I will be refunded; I said I needed to cancel completely and get my money back. United agreed, but what about being compensated for a sleepless night, rental car, 12 hours on the road, and missing a very important meeting? Should I ask for additional compensation beyond a refund?


      @Jeannie – Sounds like a terrible situation. Weather in New York was a mess last night – waves of storms even past midnight that made it unsafe for flights to operate as scheduled. That probably trapped the plane scheduled for your morning flight. Next time one option is to ask United to try to get you on another airline like American that might not have the same delay, though all the airlines had problems last night.

      When weather is involved there’s really not much they can do since it’s not something they control. So they rebook you for free, or let you refund like you did. Writing in you might get a gesture of goodwill, but unfortunately don’t expect much. If it were a mechanical problem on their part, then you may get more compensation.

      Also next time keep an eye out for ‘weather waivers’ that let you change plans ahead of time. United had one before yesterday to let people try to get out early for free, or book the next day before flights got full.


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